Hyperlipidemia Specialist

Quantum Healthcare -  - Family Medicine Practice

Quantum Healthcare

Family Medicine Practice located in Crivitz, WI

Hyperlipidemia, better known as high cholesterol, is a major health problem for many Americans today. This condition can lead to serious health problems if it's not addressed properly and quickly. Dr. Yasser Salem at Quantum Healthcare in Crivitz, Wisconsin, are ready to help you make the changes needed to bring high cholesterol under control.

Hyperlipidemia Q & A

What is Hyperlipidemia?

Hyperlipidemia means that you have a high concentration of lipids or lipoproteins within your blood. Essentially, it means that you have high cholesterol.

What is a Healthy Cholesterol Reading?

LDL (the bad cholesterol) readings should ideally be 100-129 mg/dL. A reading of 130-159 mg/dL is borderline high cholesterol and a reading of 160-189 mg/dL is high cholesterol. Any reading higher than that indicates an extremely high (and dangerous) cholesterol level.

What is the Cause of High Cholesterol?

There are a number of potential causes of high cholesterol, many of which are controllable. The controllable factors include:

  • Weight: overweight and obese patients are more likely to have high cholesterol
  • Diet: foods that are high in saturated fat and trans fat can lead to high cholesterol
  • Activity: a sedentary lifestyle can contribute to high cholesterol

The factors that you can't control include:

  • Your age: older adults are more likely to have high cholesterol
  • Your sex: women are more prone to high cholesterol, especially after menopause
  • Your genetics: if one or more of your immediate family members has high cholesterol, you're more likely to have it, too

What is the Treatment for High Cholesterol?

Dealing with high cholesterol properly requires a commitment from the patient as well as their medical caregiver. Dr. Yasser Salem will work with you to design a customized plan to lower your cholesterol to the healthy range. Lifestyle changes are usually recommended when a patient has high cholesterol. These may include:

  • Weight loss if the patient is overweight or obese
  • Changes to the diet, including reduced intake of saturated and trans fats
  • Increase in activity level, with at least half an hour of daily exercise recommended in most cases

If lifestyle changes aren't able to reduce the cholesterol to a healthy level, medication therapy may also be used. Medication options include:

  • Statin drugs: these drugs prevent cholesterol production in the liver
  • Bile acid sequestrant drugs: these drugs prevent the body from absorbing some of the fat from food intake
  • Cholesterol absorption inhibitor drugs: these drugs minimize the cholesterol that your body absorbs from food
  • Natural supplements: some natural vitamins and supplements such as Niacin can help with liver function